Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Brief Cognitive Rating Scale

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_168-3

Synonyms

Description

The Brief Cognitive Rating Scale (BCRS; Reisberg and Ferris 1988) is used to assess functional and cognitive abilities in both normal aging and progressive dementia. The BCRS is part of the Global Deterioration Scale Staging System (GDS; Reisberg et al. 1993) which is composed of three separate rating scales that include the GDS, the Functional Assessment Staging (FAST; Reisberg 1988), and the BCRS. The BCRS is comprised of two parts and provides objective ratings for a number of domains which include cognitive functions, functional abilities, mood, and behavior. Part I includes ratings for concentration, recent memory, remote memory, orientation, and functioning and self-care, while Part II allows for ratings of speech and language abilities, motoric capacities, mood and behavior, praxis ability, calculation ability, and feeding capacity.

Each of the domains is rated on a 1–7-point scale that ranges from normal (rating of 1) to profound impairment (rating of...

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References and Readings

  1. Foster, J. R., Sclan, S., Welkowitz, J., Boksay, I., & Seeland, I. (1988). Psychiatric assessment in medical long-term care facilities: Reliability of commonly used rating scales. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 3, 229–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  3. Reisberg, B. (1988). Functional assessment staging (FAST). Psychopharmacology Bulletin, 24, 653–659.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Reisberg, B., & Ferris, S. H. (1988). Brief cognitive rating scale (BCRS). Psychopharmacology Bulletin, 24, 629–636.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Reisberg, B., Ferris, S. H., de Leon, M. J., & Crook, T. (1988). Global deterioration scale (GDS). Psychopharmacology Bulletin, 24, 661–663.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Reisberg, B., Ferris, S. H., Steinberg, G., Shulman, E., de Leon, M. J., & Sinaiko, E. (1989). Longitudinal study of dementia patients and aged controls. In M. P. Lawton & A. R. Herzog (Eds.), Special research methods for gerontology (pp. 195–231). Amityville: Baywood.Google Scholar
  7. Reisberg, B., Sclan, S. G., de Leon, M. J., Kluger, A., Torossian, C., Shulman, E., Steinberg, G., Monteiro, I., McRas, T., Mackell, J., & Ferris, S. H. (2007). The GDS staging system. In A. J. Rush (Ed.), Handbook of psychiatric measures (pp. 431–435). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishers.Google Scholar
  8. Tripathi, R. K., & Tiwari, S. C. (2013). Cognitive functioning of community dwelling urban older adults with reference to socio-demographic variables. Indian Journal of Clinical Psychology, 40(2), 92–102.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Nevada Las VegasLas VegasUSA