Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Agitated Behavior Scale

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_165-3




The agitated behavior scale (ABS) was designed to evaluate agitation and other problematic behaviors that commonly occur during the acute recovery phase following traumatic brain injury (Corrigan 1989). The ABS is composed of 14 items that represent a number of commonly occurring problematic behaviors such as short attention span, impulsivity, uncooperativeness, violence, and angry outbursts. Information that assists in ABS scoring is available from the author (Corrigan) and includes descriptions of item ratings and other examples. Each item on the ABS is rated on a 1–4-point scale based on the intensity or frequency of the behavior’s occurrence. Additionally, when assigning ratings, the degree to which the behavior interferes with functional behavior is also considered. If the behavior is absent, a rating of 1 is assigned. When the behavior is present, a rating of 2 or greater is assigned, with a rating of 4 indicating the presence of a behavior to an extreme...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Readings

  1. Amato, S., Resan, M., & Mion, L. (2012). The feasibility, reliability, and clinical utility of the agitated behavior scale in brain-injured rehabilitation patients. Rehabilitation Nursing, 37, 19–24.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bogner, J. A., Corrigan, J. D., Stange, M., & Rabold, D. (1999). Reliability of the agitated behavior scale. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 14, 91–96.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Bogner, J. A., Corrigan, J. D., Bode, R. K., & Heinemann, A. W. (2000). Rating scale analysis of the agitated behavior scale. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 15, 656–659.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Corrigan, J. D. (1989). Development of a scale for assessment of agitation following traumatic brain injury. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 11, 261–277.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Corrigan, J. D., & Bogner, J. A. (1994). Factor structure of the agitated behavior scale. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 16, 386–392.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Corrigan, J. D., & Mysiw, W. J. (1988). Agitation following traumatic head injury: Equivocal evidence for a discrete stage of cognitive recovery. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 69, 487–492.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Hellweg, S., & Schuster-Amft, C. (2016). German version, inter- and intrarater reliability and internal consistency of the “Agitated Behavior Scale” (ABS-G) in patients with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 14(106), 1–8.Google Scholar
  8. Kadyan, V., Mysiw, W. J., Bogner, J. A., Corrigan, J. D., Fugate, L. P., & Clinchot, D. M. (2004). Gender differences in agitation after traumatic brain injury. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 83, 747–752.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Wolffbrandt, M. M., Poulsen, I., Engberg, A. W., & Hornnes, N. (2013). Occurrence and severity of agitated behavior after severe traumatic brain injury. Rehabilitation Nursing, 38, 133–141.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Nevada, Las VegasLas VegasUSA