Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • Eleazar Eusebio
  • Christina Zafiris
  • Carly Gundrum
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_1450-2


Short Description or Definition

The exact definition of dyscalculia is unclear and debated among professionals as there is limited research in relation to math ability and disability. In the broad sense, dyscalculia pertains to a difficulty in learning, understanding, and completing math problems. The DSM-5 lists dyscalculia as a specific learning disability and a neurodevelopmental disorder of biological origin. It is manifested as a learning difficulty where problems in acquiring academic skills are markedly below age level and last for at least 6 months and not attributed to intellectual disabilities, developmental disorders, or neurological or motor disorders (American Psychiatric Association 2013). Others have suggested that dyscalculia is a specific subtype of a math disorder, involving lack of skills in executing math calculations, brought about by deficits in writing, reading, understanding, and language abilities.


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References and Readings

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Kaufmann, L. (2008, June). Dyscalculia: Neuroscience and education. Education and neuroscience: Evidence, theory and practical application. Educational Research, 50(2), 163–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Stanescu-Cosson, R., Pinel, P., van De Moortele, P. F., Le Bihan, D., Cohen, L., & Dehaene, S. (2000). Understanding dissociations in dyscalculia: A brain imaging study of the impact of number size on the cerebral networks for exact and approximate calculation. Brain, 123, 2240–2255.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. von Aster, M. G., & Shalev, R. S. (2007). Number development and developmental dyscalculia. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 49(11), 868–873.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Wilson, A. J., & Dehaene, S. (2007). Number sense and developmental dyscalculia. Human Behavior, Learning, and the Developing brain: Atypical Development, 2, 212–237.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eleazar Eusebio
    • 1
  • Christina Zafiris
    • 2
  • Carly Gundrum
    • 1
  1. 1.School PsychologyThe Chicago School of Professional PsychologyChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Applied Psychology and Counselor EducationUniversity of Northern ColoradoGreeleyUSA