Nutritional Programming and Effect of Ancestor Diet in Birds

  • Mireille Morisson
  • Vincent Coustham
  • Laure Frésard
  • Anne Collin
  • Tatiana Zerjal
  • Sonia Métayer-Coustard
  • Loys Bodin
  • Francis Minvielle
  • Jean-Michel Brun
  • Frédérique PitelEmail author
Reference work entry


Phenotype variability depends on genetics and environmental factors. Improving farm animal performances relies on genetic variability, but the possible improvement of selection schemes taking into account nongenetic transgenerational inheritance has become a topic of choice. Indeed, the parental diet may influence the adult phenotype of the offspring, and more and more studies suggest that information acquired from environmental exposures may be transmitted across generations. In this review, we focus on nongenetic inheritance of diet effects in birds, either as parental effect, that is, “nutritional programming,” or through the transmission of information across several generations, via “transgenerational epigenetic inheritance.” Compared to mammal models with regard to their closer proximity with humans, bird models have the added benefit to minimize maternal confounding effects by a direct manipulation of the egg content.


Nutritional programming Diet Epigenetic inheritance Transgenerational Birds Chicken Duck Quail Poultry Genetics Epigenetics Farm animals Selection 

List of Abbreviations


ATP Binding Cassette Subfamily A Member 1


Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase Alpha


brain-derivated neurotrophic factor


Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase 1A


Cytochrome P450 Family 7 Subfamily A Member 1


docosahexaenoic acid


Developmental Origins of Health and Disease


eicosapentaenoic acid


Insulin Like Growth Factor 1


Insulin Like Growth Factor 1 Receptor


Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease


primordial germ cells




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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mireille Morisson
    • 1
  • Vincent Coustham
    • 2
  • Laure Frésard
    • 3
  • Anne Collin
    • 2
  • Tatiana Zerjal
    • 4
  • Sonia Métayer-Coustard
    • 2
  • Loys Bodin
    • 1
  • Francis Minvielle
    • 4
  • Jean-Michel Brun
    • 1
  • Frédérique Pitel
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.GenPhySEUniversité de Toulouse, INRA, INPT, ENVTCastanet TolosanFrance
  2. 2.INRA – URA, INRANouzillyFrance
  3. 3.Department of PathologyStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  4. 4.UMR INRA/AgroParisTech – GABIJouy-en-JosasFrance

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