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Protective Effect of Omega 3 Fatty Acids EPA and DHA in the Neurodegenerative Disease

  • Edwin E. Martínez Leo
  • Rafael A. Rojas Herrera
  • Maira R. Segura Campos
Living reference work entry
Part of the Reference Series in Phytochemistry book series (RSP)

Abstract

Neurodegenerative diseases (ND) are characterized by the death of neurons in different regions of the nervous system, followed by functional deterioration. The most frequent pathologies are the group of dementias such as Parkinson’s disease (PD) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD), which represent an important impact on society and quality of life of people, mainly in the elderly group. Omega 3 is a polyunsaturated fatty acid, whose anti-inflammatory effect has been related to benefits on the neuroinflammatory processes characteristic of ND. Although the clinical evidence is unclear, epidemiological studies report improvement in cognitive performance and provide evidence on its neuroprotective effect in specific regions of the nervous system. The objective of this review is to determine the neuroprotective effects of omega 3 fatty acids on neurodegenerative disease.

Keywords

Neuroinflammation Neuroregenery Functional nutrition Neuroprotection 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edwin E. Martínez Leo
    • 1
  • Rafael A. Rojas Herrera
    • 1
  • Maira R. Segura Campos
    • 1
  1. 1.Facultad de Ingeniería QuímicaUniversidad Autónoma de YucatánMéridaMexico

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