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Bioactive Compounds of the Wonder Medicinal Mushroom “Ganoderma lucidum”

  • Surya Sudheer
  • Ibrahim Alzorqi
  • Sivakumar Manickam
  • Asgar Ali
Living reference work entry
Part of the Reference Series in Phytochemistry book series (RSP)

Abstract

Ganoderma lucidum is a highly praised medicinal mushroom having high demand worldwide. Intense research activities are being carried out on the medicinal applications of this mushroom that include anticancer, antiallergic, antioxidant potential, etc. This wonder mushroom contains many bioactive compounds such as polysaccharides, triterpenes, polyphenols, proteins, amino acids, and organic germanium. Ancient Chinese use this mushroom in their medicinal preparations and declared good health and longevity. Health benefits of this mushroom are highly praised in ancient manuscripts. Many pharmaceutical and beauty products made from this mushroom are available in the markets and demands high price. Cultivation and production of this mushroom are limited to certain countries, which leads to an increase in its market value. This chapter describes the details of this special mushroom, including its taxonomy, morphology, ecological and economic status, cultivation, bioactive molecules, and its medicinal applications.

Keywords

Ganoderma lucidum Bioactive compounds Cultivation Therapeutic applications Polysaccharides Triterpenes 

Abbreviations

C:N

Carbon nitrogen ratio

EPS

Extracellular polysaccharides

G. lucidum

Ganoderma lucidum

GA

Ganoderic acid

GTS

Ganoderma triterpenes

HDP

Host Defense Potentiators

IPS

Intracellular polysaccharides

LSC

Liquid state cultivation

LSF

Liquid state fermentation

LZ

Lingzhi

PBP

Protein-bound polysaccharide

RIP

Ribosome inactivating proteins

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

SOD

Superoxide dismutase

SSC

Solid state cultivation

SSF

Solid state fermentation

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Surya Sudheer
    • 1
  • Ibrahim Alzorqi
    • 1
  • Sivakumar Manickam
    • 1
  • Asgar Ali
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of NottinghamSemenyihMalaysia
  2. 2.Centre of Excellence for Postharvest Biotechnology (CEPB), School of BiosciencesUniversity of NottinghamSemenyihMalaysia

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