Section Introduction: Flexible, Distance, and Open Learning in the Twenty-First Century

Living reference work entry
Part of the Springer International Handbooks of Education book series (SIHE)

Abstract

This chapter provides an overview of the five chapters included in Section 7 of the Handbook – Flexible, distance, and open learning in the twenty-first century. These chapters focus on the pedagogies and designs of technology-enhanced environments developed to support flexible, distance, and open learning.

Keywords

Flexible learning Distance learning Open education resources Massive open online courses Virtual schools Online communities Personalised learning 

References

  1. Davis, N., & Ferdig, R. (in press). Virtual schooling: A global perspective. In J. Voogt, G. Knezek, R. Christensen, & K.-W. Lai (Eds.), The international handbook of information technology in primary and secondary education (2nd ed.). Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
  2. Dron, J., & Ardito, G. (in press). Open education resources, massive open online courses, and online platforms for distance and flexible learning. In J. Voogt, G. Knezek, R. Christensen, & K.-W. Lai (Eds.), The international handbook of information technology in primary and secondary education (2nd ed.). Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
  3. Nikolov, R., Lai, K.-W., Sendova, E., & Jonker, H. (in press). Flexible and distance learning in the 21st century. In J. Voogt, G. Knezek, R. Christensen, & K.-W. Lai (Eds.), The international handbook of information technology in primary and secondary education (2nd ed.). Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
  4. Pratt, K., & Kovatcheva, E. (in press). Designing blended, flexible, and personalised learning. In J. Voogt, G. Knezek, R. Christensen, & K.-W. Lai (Eds.), The international handbook of information technology in primary and secondary education (2nd ed.). Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
  5. Tang, S. C., & Lee, A. V. Y. (in press). Online learning communities in K-12 settings. In J. Voogt, G. Knezek, R. Christensen, & K.-W. Lai (Eds.), The international handbook of information technology in primary and secondary education (2nd ed.). Cham: Springer.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Library Studies and Information TechnologiesSofiaBulgaria
  2. 2.University of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand

Section editors and affiliations

  • Roumen Nikolov
    • 1
  • Kwok-Wing Lai
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Library Studies and Information TechnologiesSofiaBulgaria
  2. 2.University of Otago College of EducationDunedinNew Zealand

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