Encyclopedia of Wildfires and Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) Fires

Living Edition
| Editors: Samuel L. Manzello


  • Forman A. WilliamsEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51727-8_60-1

Definition and Introduction

Since combustion is an essential part of all fires, including wildfires and fires at the wildland-urban interface, thorough knowledge of combustion is a significant underlying element in addressing the topic of this encyclopedia. A chemical process that liberates heat, combustion typically involves finite-rate chemistry in fluid flow with heat and mass transfer. The science of combustion is focused on obtaining basic descriptions of combustion phenomena by experimental and mathematical methods. The principles are sufficiently well developed that the subject qualifies as an applied science.

Unwanted fires involve specifically the combustion of available fuels in air. Combustion studies contribute to the development of methods for fire prevention, fire detection, fire hazard evaluation, fire damage assessment, and fire suppression. For example, investigations of mechanisms for extinction of combustion suggest elements of operation for fire extinguishers...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Borman GL, Ragland (1998) Combustion engineering. McGraw Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Clavin P, Searby G (2016) Combustion waves and fronts in flows. CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  3. Fristrom RM (1995) Flame structure and processes. New York, OxfordzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  4. Glassman I, Yetter RA (2008) Combustion, 4th edn. Academic, BurlingtonGoogle Scholar
  5. Kanury AM (1975) Introduction to combustion phenomena. Gordon Breach, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. Law CK (2006) Combustion physics. CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  7. Lewis B, von Elbe G (1987) Combustion flames and explosions of gases, 3rd edn. Academic, OrlandoGoogle Scholar
  8. Liñán A Williams FA (1993) Fundamental aspects of combustion. OxfordGoogle Scholar
  9. Oppenheim AK (2006) Dynamics od combustion systems. Springer, BerlinCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  10. Penner SS (1957) Chemistry problems in jet propulsion. Pergamon, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. Prud’homme R (2010) Flows of reactive fluids. Springer, HeidelbergCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  12. Quintiere JG (2006) Fundamentals of fire phenomena. Wiley, HobokenCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Strehlow RA (1984) Combustion fundamentals. McGraw Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  14. Williams FA (1982) Urban and wildland fire phenomenology. Prog Energy Combust Sci 8:317–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Williams FA (1985) Combustion theory, 2nd edn. Addison Wesley, Redwood CityGoogle Scholar
  16. Williams FA (2002) Combustion. Encyclopedia of physical science and technology, 3rd edn. Academic, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  17. Zel’dovich YB et al (1985) The mathematical theory of combustion and explosions. Consultants Bureau, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringUniversity of California San DiegoLa JollaUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Sayaka Suzuki
    • 1
  1. 1.National Research Institute of Fire and Disaster (NRIFD)TokyoJapan