Andes: Prehistoric Period

  • Elmo Leon
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51726-1_1680-2

Introduction

After the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), immigrants from Asia and probably other parts of the world entered the American continent. Once established in this ample territory, some settled in North America, while others peopled the Pacific shore, intra-mountain areas, and Amazonia of South America. Some people remained on the western side of South America, a territory whose common denominator is the Andean chain. Although it is difficult to say why Ice Age people decided to stay in the Andes, one possible reason is (and was) its extremely diverse and rich ecological environment (Lavallée 1999). From west to east, the tropical warm waters in the north, cold currents in the south, temperate and microthermal Interandean chain, the cold southern Altiplano, and the evergreen Amazonia certainly provided a number of resources for food and raw materials, depending on seasonal productivity. Besides, a combination of natural rivers resulted in a cool and extremely rich ocean stream (the...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Bonavia, D. 1991. Perú: Hombre e historia. Lima: Edubanco.Google Scholar
  2. Dillehay, T. 2000. The settlement of the Americas. A new prehistory. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  3. Lane, K. 2012. Prospects: Archaeological research and practice in Peru. Antiquity 86: 221–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Lavallée, D. 1999. The first South Americans. The peopling of a continent from the earliest evidence to high culture. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.Google Scholar
  5. León, E. 2007. Orígenes humanos en los Andes del Perú. Lima: USMP.Google Scholar
  6. Leoni, J., and F.A. Acuto. 2008. Social landscapes in Pre-Inka Northwestern Argentina. In Handbook of South American archaeology, ed. H. Silverman and W. Isbell, 587–603. New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Politis, G., and B. Alberti, eds. 2005. Archaeology in Latin America. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  8. Raymond, S. 2008. The process of sedentism in northwestern South America. In Handbook of South American archaeology, ed. H. Silverman and W. Isbell, 79–90. New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Silverman, H., and W. Isbell, eds. 2008. Handbook of South American archaeology. New York: Springer.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Museum of Archaeology, Anthropology and History of PeruLimaPeru

Section editors and affiliations

  • Marcel Otte
    • 1
  1. 1.Service of PrehistoryUniversity of LiègeLiègeBelgium