Académie Internationale de la Pipe
The Académie Internationale de la Pipe is a learned society which, according to its statutes, was established “to advance the education of the public in the economic and social history of tobacco and pipe smoking worldwide.” Specifically it attempts to promote a better awareness of the tobacco pipe as a cultural, artistic, and social phenomenon and to highlight the particular place the pipe holds in the history of people and civilizations. It supports and encourages the collecting of both artifacts and documentary information about pipe smoking and encourages serious research on pipes and related subjects.
The Academy came into being in 1984 on the initiative of a Frenchman, André-Paul Bastien. Initially based in Italy, it moved to France in 1992. Membership of the Academy consists of three distinct constituencies: serious collectors of pipes and tobacco-related artifacts, curators of national museum and specialists of museum collections, and academics involved in the study of the archaeology and socioeconomic history of tobacco and smoking. Originally, the Academy might be described as elitist in that only two academicians were permitted from any one country and applications were intensively vetted. There was a secondary layer of “corresponding” members as well as institutional and sponsor involvement.
In 2008 the Academy moved its head office to Liverpool where it is housed within the School of Archaeology, Classics and Egyptology at the University, under new charitable articles of association (UK Registered Charity Number 1126166). Its address is 12–14 Abercromby Square, University of Liverpool, L69 7WZ. Its website can be found at www.pipeacademy.org. Under its new articles, there is a single category of individual membership which is now open to any bona fide researcher and can include any number of people from the same country, including women.
The Academy has always tried to promote knowledge and research about tobacco pipes and their use in every era, in all parts of the world and from every angle, whether cultural, artistic, scientific, sociological, or ethnographic. It does this in three main ways: by organizing conferences at different centers at which members are able to discuss major themes, by the formation and activities of working groups of members, and by a program of publication.
Since 2008 there have been conferences in Hungary (2009), France (2010 and 2014), Serbia (2011), Poland (2012), Germany (2013), Belgium (2015), Japan (2016), UK (2017) and The Netherlands (2017). The conferences are usually focused on regional pipe collections and are intended to promote research and local appreciation of them. For example, the Budapest conference resulted in a series of papers on the archaeology of the clay pipe in Hungary and eastern Europe which, together, have transformed understanding of the industry in that region (Ridovics and Davey 2010). At Grasse, the meeting focused on the outstanding pipe collection brought together by A Baroness Rothschild in the second half of the nineteenth century. The 2011 conference stimulated research into pipe collections throughout Serbia (Gačič 2011). In 2015 the meeting was based in the Nationaal Tabaksmuseum Wervik, Belgium, with the express purpose of focusing attention on the role of tobacco and smoking behavior during the First World War (Gallagher 2016). In 2016 the conference took place in the Tobacco and Salt Museum in Tokyo and considered the spread of tobacco and smoking habits to the Far East and their local manifestation in the context of one of the finest tobacco-related museum collections in the world.
Between 1996 and 2008, the Academy regularly published the Livre de la Pipe in French, English, and German. It also produced 19 issues of an annual newsletter the Annales from 1987 to 2006 and other occasional publications (e.g., Suzuki 1997).
Since the move to Liverpool in 2008, the Academy has launched a new A4, full-color, peer-reviewed annual journal that is now the main public platform for pipe research worldwide. So far 9 volumes with 116 separate articles totalling 1366 pages have been published. Contributions range from overviews of national and regional clay pipe production (e.g., Davey 2009), art historical studies (e.g., Burla et al. 2011), social and economic conditions of workers in the pipe industry (e.g., Stam 2015), and the analysis of archaeological groups from around the world (e.g., Leenen 2013; Gellichi and Sabbionesi 2015; Bekić 2016).
- Bekić, L. 2016. Clay pipes from the waters of Veštar harbour near Rovinji in Croatia. Journal of the Académie Internationale de la Pipe 9: 99–108.Google Scholar
- Burla, F., H. Kierulf, S. Peckus, and B. Rapaport. 2011. Iconography, morphology and meerschaum: Four essays illustrating their nexus. Journal of the Académie Internationale de la Pipe 4: 83–96.Google Scholar
- Davey, P.J. 2009. National clay pipe summaries. Journal of the Académie Internationale de la Pipe 2: 1–148.Google Scholar
- Gačič, D. 2011. The pipes from museum collections of Serbia. Novi Sad: City Museum of Novi Sad.Google Scholar
- Gallagher, D. 2016. Pipes in peace and war. Journal of the Académie Internationale de la Pipe 9: 1–41.Google Scholar
- Gellichi, S., and L. Sabbionesi. 2015. Turkish pipes from Stari Bar, Montenegro. Journal of the Académie Internationale de la Pipe 8: 21–50.Google Scholar
- Leenen, S. 2013. Pfeifenfragmente aus der Hafengrabung in Stade. Journal of the Académie Internationale de la Pipe 6: 169–201.Google Scholar
- Ridovics, A., and P.J. Davey. 2010. Papers about Hungarian pipe history and archaeological papers from neighbouring countries. Journal of the Académie Internationale de la Pipe 3: 1–170.Google Scholar
- Stam, R. 2015. Some aspects of the social history of Dutch pipe makers in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Journal of the Académie Internationale de la Pipe 8: 9–12.Google Scholar
- Suzuki, B.T. 1997. The first English pipe smoker in Japan: William Adams, the pilot and English trade house in Hirato (1600–1621). Paris: L’Académie Internationale de la Pipe.Google Scholar