Advertisement

Technical Education in Colombia Between Expansion and Legitimacy: A Neo-Institutional Perspective

Reference work entry
Part of the Springer International Handbooks of Education book series (SIHE)

Abstract

Technical education is a fascinating field to study the processes of expansion and convergence that sociologists of education (Benavot, Sociol Educ 56(2):63, 1983; Meyer et al. Sociol Educ 50:242–258, 1977; Schofer and Meyer, Am Sociol Rev 898–920, 2005) have analyzed in other educational areas. However, few studies in Latin America and in Colombia have identified these growth dynamics and the factors that may explain the organization of this sector. In this chapter, national databases on enrollment and funding are used to examine growth patterns in Technical Education from 2000 to 2013. The analysis of these indicators highlight: (a) the puzzling recent expansion of a sector that has multiplied by more than four times its number of students since year 2000; (b) the decline of proportional funds from the government; and (c) new isomorphic trends at the governmental and organizational level such as government’s decision to move technical education as part of the system of “higher education,” and as a result, since 2002, explore newly created research groups, accreditation processes, and self-funding bodies in technical institutions. These findings support the thesis that Technical Education is marked by both a process of massification and a lack of legitimacy due to the preference of policy makers to focalize national efforts in higher education and, more specifically, universities. Other strategies such as maintaining smaller sizes of the technical sector and differentiating it from higher education have been automatically disregarded by the national governments in the last 15 years. The Colombian case allows outlining how a neo-institutional framework may be pivotal in explaining the modern organization of Technical Education.

Keywords

Technical education Community college Massification Educational inequality 

References

  1. Banco de la República. 2016. Índice de precios al consumidor (IPC). http://www.banrep.gov.co/es/ipc.
  2. Benavot, Aaron. 1983. The rise and decline of vocational education. Sociology of Education 56 (2): 63.  https://doi.org/10.2307/2112655.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Clark, Burton R. 1993. The research foundations of graduate education: Germany, Britain, France, United States, Japan. Los Angeles: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  4. Consejo Nacional de Acreditación. 2015. Boletín estadístico. Bogotá: CNA.Google Scholar
  5. Fernández, Enrique. 2007. Universidad y reconcentración de la investigación científica en Chile, 1982–2005. Persona y Sociedad Universidad Alberto Hurtado:13(3), 31–57.Google Scholar
  6. Gómez, Víctor Manuel. 1995. La educación tecnológica en Colombia. ¿Educación terminal o primer ciclo de las ingenierías y las ciencias? Bogotá: Universidad Nacional de Colombia.Google Scholar
  7. Gómez, Víctor Manuel. 2015. La pirámide de la desigualdad social en la educación superior en Colombia: Diversificación y tipología de instituciones. Bogotá: Universidad Nacional de Colombia.Google Scholar
  8. Gómez, V.M, and Celis, J.E. 2009. Sistema de aseguramiento de la calidad de la educación superior: consideraciones sobre la acreditación en Colombia. Revista Colombiana de Sociología, 32(1): 87–110.Google Scholar
  9. Gordon, Howard R.D. 2014. The history and growth of career and technical education in America. Vol. 4. Long Grove: Waveland Press.Google Scholar
  10. Jephcote, Martin, and Rosalind Latiner Raby. 2012. A comparative view of colleges of further education (UK) and community colleges (US): Maintaining access in an era of financial constraint. Research in Post-Compulsory Education 17 (3): 349–366.  https://doi.org/10.1080/13596748.2012.700177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Krücken, Georg, and Frank Meier. 2006. Turning the university into an organizational actor. In Globalization and orgnization: World society and organizational change, 241–258. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Kyvik, Svein, and Benedetto Lepori. 2010. The research mission of higher education institutions outside the university sector. London: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lewis, Theodore. 2007. The problem of cultural fit – What can we learn from borrowing the German Dual System? Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education 37 (4): 463–477.  https://doi.org/10.1080/03057920701366408.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Martínez, E. 2003. La formación profesional en una economía moderna. Montevideo: CINTERFOR.Google Scholar
  15. Meyer, John W. 1977. The effects of education as an institution. American Journal of Sociology 83: 55–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Meyer, John W., and Francisco O. Ramirez. 2013. Universalizing the university in a world society. In Institutionalization of world class university in global competition, 257–274. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  17. Meyer, John W., Francisco O. Ramirez, Richard Rubinson, and John Boli-Bennett. 1977. The world educational revolution, 1950–1970. Sociology of Education 50: 242–258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Meyer, John W., Francisco Ramirez, David John Frank, and Evan Schofer. 2006. The world-wide expansion of higher education in the twentieth century. American Sociological Review 70: 898–920.Google Scholar
  19. Observatorio Laboral. 2016. Observatorio Laboral para la Educación. Bogotá: Ministerio de Educación Nacional.Google Scholar
  20. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. 2016. Revisión de políticas nacionales de educación: La educación en Colombia. Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
  21. Pineda, Pedro. 2015. The entrepreneurial research university in Latin America: Global and local models in Chile and Colombia, 1950–2015. New York: Palgrave Mcmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Puryear, Jeffrey M. 1979. Vocational training and earnings in Colombia: Does a SENA effect exist? Comparative Education Review 23 (2): 283–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Raby, Rosalind Latiner, and Edward James Valeau. 2009. Community college models globalization and higher education reform. Dordrecht: Springer. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/ebooks/ebc/9781402094774.Google Scholar
  24. Ramirez, Francisco O. 2012. The world society perspective: Concepts, assumptions, and strategies. Comparative Education 48: 423–439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ramírez Guerrero, Jaime. 2005. El financiamiento de la formación profesional en Colombia y la discusión sobre las contribuciones parafiscales al servicio nacional de aprendizaje (SENA). OEI, Accessed 1 Oct. www.oei.es/etp/financiamiento_formacion_profesional_colombia_SENA_ramirez.
  26. Schriewer, Jürgen. 2001. “Profesión” versus “cultura técnica”: La definición y la acreditación de la capacitación profesional en Alemania y Francia. Historia de la Educación 20: 191–213.Google Scholar
  27. Servicio Nacional de Aprendizaje. 2014. Política de investigación para el Servicio Nacional de Aprendizaje en el marco del Sistema de Investigación, Desarrollo Tecnológico e Innovación SENNOVA. Bogotá: SENA.Google Scholar
  28. Servicio Nacional de Aprendizaje. 2016. Plan de Acción. Bogotá: SENA.Google Scholar
  29. SNIES. 2016. Sistema Nacional de Información de Educación Superior.Google Scholar
  30. SPADIES. 2016. Sistema de Prevención y Análisis a la Deserción en las Instituciones de Educación Superior.Google Scholar
  31. Times Higher Education. 2017. World University Rankings. https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings.
  32. UNESCO. 2016. Unesco Institute for Statistics. www.uis.unesco.org
  33. World Bank. 2003. Tertiary education in Colombia: Paving the way for reform. Washington, DC: The World Bank.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Education and Faculty of Psychology (Adjunct)Pontificia Universidad JaverianaBogotaColombia
  2. 2.Upper-Secondary and Higher Education Research Group, Department of SociologyUniversidad Nacional de ColombiaBogotaColombia

Personalised recommendations