Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Charles W. Finkl, Christopher Makowski

Asia, Eastern, Coastal Geomorphology

  • D. Eisma
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-48657-4_16-2

The shores of eastern Asia, extending from Thailand and Indonesia to eastern Siberia and including the Philippines, Taiwan, and Japan, largely follow the tectonically active zones along the eastern and northern sides of the Eurasian plate (Inman and Nordstrom 1971). Large stretches of coastal area along Indonesia, the Philippines, Taiwan, Sakhalin, Kamchatka, and the East Asian island chains are therefore tectonically unstable. In these areas the structural trends are generally parallel to the coast, which was distinguished by Suess (1892) as the Pacific type. Outside these areas, away from the tectonically active collision zones, the coastal regions are generally more stable and the structural trends are usually not parallel to the coast, which corresponds to Suess’ Atlantic type. This type is present along most of the Asian mainland from Thailand to Siberia.

Comparatively straight coasts, situated along mountain chains, sometimes with river deltas and local alluvial foreland, are...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Bibliography

  1. Berry L (1961) Erosion surfaces and emerged beaches in Hong Kong. Geol Soc Am Bull 72:1383–1394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Carbonnel JP (1964) Sur l’existence d’un complexe de terrasses quaternaires dans l’ile de Saracen (Cambodge). Soc Geol France C R 9:371–373Google Scholar
  3. Clark JA, Farrell WE, Peltier WR (1978) Global change in post glacial sea level: a numerical calculation. Quat Res 9:265–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Daly RA (1934) The changing world of the ice age. Yale University Press, New Haven, p 271Google Scholar
  5. Davies JL (1973) Geographical variations in coastal development. Hafner, New York, p 204Google Scholar
  6. Guilcher A (1976) Les cotes a rias de Coree et leur evolution morphologique. Ann Geogr 85:641–671CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hsu TL (1962) A study on the coastal geomorphology of Taiwan. Geol Soc China Proc 5:29–45Google Scholar
  8. Inman DL, Nordstrom CE (1971) On the tectonic and morphologic classification of coasts. J Geol 79:1–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kaplin P (1985) Pacific USSR. In: Bird ECF, Schwartz ML (eds) The world’s coastline, vol 115. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co, New York, pp 857–862Google Scholar
  10. Kosugi K (1971) Etude analytique des depots de sable et galets actuels d’origines diverses. Application au processus de formation des surfaces de terrasse littorale dans le Hokkaido (II). Sci Report Tohoku Univ 7th Ser 20:257–326Google Scholar
  11. Kuenen PH (1933) Geology of coral reefs. E.J. Brill, Leiden, p 125Google Scholar
  12. Molengraaff GAF (1921) Modern deep-sea research in the East Indian archipelago. Geogr J 27:95–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Nossin JJ (1965) Analysis of younger beach ridge deposits in eastern Malaya. Z Geomorphol 9:186–208Google Scholar
  14. Richards HG (1970) Annotated bibliography of Quaternary shore-lines. Supplement 1965–1969, VIII INQUA-Congress. Special publication, vol 10. Academy of Natural Science, Philadelphia, p 240Google Scholar
  15. Richards HG, Fairbridge RW (1965) Annotated bibliography of Quaternary shorelines (1945–1964), VII INQUA-Congress. Special publication, vol 6. Academy of Natural Science, Philadelphia, p 280Google Scholar
  16. Saurin E (1965) Terrasses littorales de Son Hai. Archaeol Geol Viet-Nam 7:20–24Google Scholar
  17. Suess E (1892) Das Anlitz der Erde, vol 1. F. Tempsky, Vienna, 778 pGoogle Scholar
  18. Swan SBSC (1968) Coastal classification with reference to the east coast of Malaya. Z Geomorphol 7(Suppl):114–132Google Scholar
  19. Swan SBSC (1971) Coastal geomorphology in a humid tropical low energy environment: the islands of Singapore. J Trop Geogr 33:43–61Google Scholar
  20. Tada F, Nakano T, Iseki H (1952) Shoreline development of the Pacific coast of Japan in prehistoric time. In: Proceedings of the 17th international congress geographical union, pp 386–391Google Scholar
  21. Takahashi T (1974) Distribution of shore platforms in southwestern Japan. Sci Report Tohoku Univ 7th Ser 24:33–45Google Scholar
  22. Tjia HD (1970) Quaternary shorelines of the Sunda Land, Southeast Asia. Geol Mijnb 49:135–144Google Scholar
  23. Tjia HD (1975) Holocene eustatic sea levels and glacio-isostatic rebound. Z Geomorphol 22(Suppl):57–71Google Scholar
  24. Umbgrove JHF (1947) Coral reefs of the East Indies. Geol Soc Am Bull 58:729–778CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Valentin H (1952) Die Kusten der Erde. In: Petermanns Geographsiche Mitteilung, Erganzungsheft H 246. Justus Perthes, Gotha, 118 pGoogle Scholar
  26. Van Bemmelen RW (1970) The geology of Indonesia. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, vol 1, 732 p, vol 2, p 265Google Scholar
  27. Van Overeem AJA (1960) The geology of the cassiterite placers of Billiton, Indonesia. Geol Mijnb 39:444–457Google Scholar
  28. Von Wissmann H (1940) Sudwest-Kiangsu, der Wuhu-Taihu-Kanal und das problem des Yangdse-deltas, vol 8. Wiss. Veroff. Deutsch. Mus. Landerk. Leipzig. N.F, pp 63–105Google Scholar
  29. Wall JRD (1964) Topography–soil relationships in lowland Sarawak. J Trop Geogr 18:192–199Google Scholar
  30. Williams AT (1971) Beach morphology and tidal cyclic fluctuations around Hong Kong Island. J Trop Geogr 32:62–68Google Scholar
  31. Yabe H, Sugiyama T (1935) Geological and geographical distribution of reef corals in Japan. J Paleontol 9(3):183–217Google Scholar
  32. Yoshikawa T, Kaizuka S, Ota Y (1965) Coastal development of the Japanese islands. In: Proceedings of the 7th congress association quaternary research, vol 8, pp 457–465Google Scholar
  33. Zenkovich VP (1985) Arctic USSR. In: Bird ECF, Schwarz ML (eds) The world’s coastline, vol 116. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co, New York, pp 863–871Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Eisma
    • 1
  1. 1.Netherlands Institute for Sea ResearchDen BurgThe Netherlands