Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Charles W. Finkl, Christopher Makowski

Asia, Eastern, Coastal Ecology

  • Donald MacintoshEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-48657-4_15-2

Coastal Geography

Extending from Bangladesh in the west, to the Korean Peninsula and Siberia in the northeast (latitudes 89–129 E), Eastern Asia lies within the Indo-West Pacific Biogeographical region described by Ekman (1967). Eastern Asia contains diverse coastal land formations and habitats, ranging from rocky shores and sandy beaches, to coral reefs, seagrass beds, salt marshes, mudflats, and mangrove swamps. The main landmass of Eastern Asia includes long, uninterrupted coastlines, for example, the coast of Rhakine (Arakan) in Myanmar, the coastlines of central Vietnam and China, and the peninsulas of Malaysia and Korea. The region also supports immense archipelagoes, most notably those making up Indonesia and the Philippines, which comprise of more than 13,700 and 7000 islands, respectively. Innumerable small islands make up the Mergui Archipelago extending from Myanmar to Thailand, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and several minor archipelagoes. Huge deltas have also been...

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Ecology and GeneticsUniversity of AarhusAarhusDenmark