Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Superior Temporal Sulcus

  • Laura Cuaya
  • Raúl Hernández-Pérez
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_425-1

The superior temporal sulcus (STS) is located longitudinal to the lateral surface in the temporal lobe and is immediately parallel to the lateral fissure. The STS ranges from the angular gyrus to approximately one centimeter before the temporal pole. The STS separates the superior temporal gyrus and middle temporal gyrus.

Functions

The STS is a multisensory high-order association cortex that processes social information.

Face perception (Allison et al. 2000; Haxby et al. 2000). The STS is important in the changeable aspects of a face. Beyond identity, it is crucial to the communication of dynamic aspects from faces like lip movement, eye gaze to infer attentional state, and the emotional expression (Allison et al. 2000; Hagan et al. 2009; Peelen et al. 2010; Robins et al. 2009; Said et al. 2010). The model of the distributed human neural system for face perception includes the STS in the core system involved in the visual analysis of a face, whereas the inferior occipital gyrus...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Allison, T., Puce, A., & McCarthy, G. (2000). Social perception from visual cues: role of the STS region. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 4(7), 267–278. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10859571.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Andrews, T. J., & Ewbank, M. P. (2004). Distinct representations for facial identity and changeable aspects of faces in the human temporal lobe. NeuroImage, 23(3), 905–913.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.07.060.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Beauchamp, M. S. (2005). See me, hear me, touch me: Multisensory integration in lateral occipital-temporal cortex. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 15, 145–153.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conb.2005.03.011.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Castelli, F., Frith, C., Happe, F., & Frith, U. (2002). Autism, Asperger syndrome and brain mechanisms for the attribution of mental states to animated shapes. Brain, 125(8), 1839–1849. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=16194069003623595938related:ov8lffXjvOAJ, http://brain.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/125/8/1839.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hagan, C. C., Woods, W., Johnson, S., Calder, A. J., Green, G. G. R., & Young, A. W. (2009). MEG demonstrates a supra-additive response to facial and vocal emotion in the right superior temporal sulcus. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(47), 20010–20015.  https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0905792106.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Haxby, J., Hoffman, E., & Gobbini, M. (2000). The distributed human neural system for face perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 4(6), 223–233. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10827445.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hopkins, W. D., Misiura, M., Pope, S. M., & Latash, E. M. (2015). Behavioral and brain asymmetries in primates: A preliminary evaluation of two evolutionary hypotheses. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1359(1), 65–83.  https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.12936.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Kanwisher, N., & Yovel, G. (2006). The fusiform face area: A cortical region specialized for the perception of faces. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 361(1476), 2109–2128.  https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2006.1934.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. Leroy, F., Cai, Q., Bogart, S. L., Dubois, J., Coulon, O., Monzalvo, K., et al. (2015). New human-specific brain landmark: The depth asymmetry of superior temporal sulcus. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(4), 1208–1213.  https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1412389112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Peelen, M. V., Atkinson, A. P., & Vuilleumier, P. (2010). Supramodal representations of perceived emotions in the human brain. The Journal of Neuroscience, 30(30), 10127–10134.  https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2161-10.2010.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Robins, D., Hunyadi, E., & Schultz, R. (2009). Superior temporal activation in response to dynamic audio-visual emotional cues. Brain and Cognition, 69(2), 404–413.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2008.08.007.Superior.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Said, C. P., Moore, C. D., Engell, A. D., & Haxby, J. V. (2010). Distributed representations of dynamic facial expressions in the superior temporal sulcus. Journal of Vision, 10(2010), 1–12.  https://doi.org/10.1167/10.5.11.Introduction.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoQueretaroMexico

Section editors and affiliations

  • David Hanbury
    • 1
  1. 1.Averett UniversityDanvilleUSA