The modern synthetic theory of evolution describes the evolution in terms of genetic variations in a population that leads to the formation of a new species.
Darwin’s book, The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, founded a strong ground for evolutionary theories that favored the idea that all the organisms have descended from a common ancestor. Darwin proposed natural selection as a mechanism of evolution. Then came the neo-Darwinian theory of evolution that explained the significance of mutations and variations within a population, as a driver factor of evolution. This perspective was followed for many decades.
Ronald Fisher and his colleagues set Darwin’s concept of natural selection on a new foundation of genetics. They left an equally major project open for later biologists: to explain in the language of genes what species are and how they originate. While the Darwin’s theory largely demonstrated the “facts” of...
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