Pathology of the Gastrointestinal Tract

2017 Edition
| Editors: Fátima Carneiro, Paula Chaves, Arzu Ensari

Acute Gastritis

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-40560-5_1607

Synonyms

Acute erosive gastritis; Acute erosive gastropathy; Acute hemorrhagic gastritis; Stress gastritis

Definition

Acute gastritis is a broad term referring to many disorders that may induce acute inflammatory changes in the gastric mucosa. Distinguished are acute hemorrhagic gastritis and acute infectious gastritis. In this entry the emphasis is especially on acute hemorrhagic gastritis, clinically characterized by a sudden onset of symptoms and rapid resolution after the underlying etiological mechanisms or agents (either chemical or physical) have been corrected. The different etiologies share the same general clinical presentation; however, they differ in their own unique histologic pattern with or without hemorrhage and erosive changes.

Acute gastritis is mostly associated with the intake of large doses of aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), excess alcohol, or ischemic injury following major trauma. In many cases the etiology remains unknown....

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References and Further Reading

  1. Chamberlain, C. E. (1993). Acute hemorrhagic gastritis. Gastroenterology Clinics of North America, 22(4), 843–873.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Iacobuzio-Donahue, C. A., Lee, E. L., Abraham, S. C., Yardley, J. H., & Wu, T. T. (2001). Colchicine toxicity: Distinct morphologic findings in gastrointestinal biopsies. The American Journal of Surgical Pathology, 25(8), 1067–1073.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Kodali, V. P., & Gordon, S. C. (1995). Gastrointestinal hemorrhage secondary to crack cocaine. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, 41(6), 604–605.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Laine, L., & Weinstein, W. M. (1988). Histology of alcoholic hemorrhagic “gastritis”: A prospective evaluation. Gastroenterology, 94(6), 1254–1262.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Lauwers, G. Y., Fujita, H., Nagata, K., & Shimizu, M. (2010). Pathology of non-Helicobacter pylori gastritis: Extending the histopathologic horizons. Journal of Gastroenterology, 45(2), 131–145.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Srivastava, A., & Lauwers, G. Y. (2007). Pathology of non-infective gastritis. Histopathology, 50(1), 15–29.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Wolfe, M. M., Lichtenstein, D. R., & Singh, G. (1999). Gastrointestinal toxicity of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. The New England Journal of Medicine, 340(24), 1888–1899.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chella R. S. van der Post
    • 1
  • Fátima Carneiro
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PathologyRadboud University Medical CenterNijmegenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Faculty of Medicine of Porto University, Centro Hospitalar São João and Ipatimup/i3SPortoPortugal