Pathology of the Gastrointestinal Tract

2017 Edition
| Editors: Fátima Carneiro, Paula Chaves, Arzu Ensari

Collagen Vascular Disorders, Esophagus

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-40560-5_1573

Synonyms

Collagen diseases, esophagus; Connective tissue diseases, esophagus

Definition

Collagen vascular disorders include some multisystem diseases of unknown etiology associated with autoimmunity.

In Collagen vascular disorders, the involvement of the esophagus varies widely accordingly to the particular disease.

In these diseases the esophagus involvement is more important in scleroderma (see Scleroderma, esophageal), dermatomyositis/polymyositis (DM/PM), mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD), and Sjogren syndrome (SS).

In rheumatoid arthritis (RA) esophagus disease (esophagitis, ulcers, candidal esophagitis) may occur in consequence of the use of drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, steroids, and immunosuppressors. Esophagus involvement is not frequent in SLE (less than 5%), but some patients complain of dysphagia as a result of dysmotility; many of these patients also present Raynaud’s phenomenon. In SLE dysphagia may also be caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease...

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References and Further Reading

  1. Carsons, S. (2009). Sjogren’s syndrome. In G. S. Firestein, R. C. Budd, E. D. Harris, I. B. McInnes, S. Ruddy, & J. S. Sergent (Eds.), Kelley’s textbook of rheumatology (pp. 1149–1168). Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Doma, S., Wo, J. M., & Parkman, H. P. (2012). Esophageal Involvement in Systemic diseases. In J. E. Richter & D. O. Castell (Eds.), The esophagus (pp. 367–382). Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Merieux, P., Verity, A., Clements, P. J., & Paulus, H. E. (1983). Esophageal abnormalities and dysphagia in Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis. Arthritis and Rheumatism, 26, 961–968.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Nagaraju, K., & Lundberg, I. E. (2009). Inflammatory diseases of muscle and other myopathies. In G. S. Firestein, R. C. Budd, E. D. Harris, I. B. McInnes, S. Ruddy, & J. S. Sergent (Eds.), Kelley’s textbook of rheumatology (pp. 1149–1168). Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.Google Scholar
  5. Sheldon, J. (2004). Laboratory testing in autoimmune rheumatic diseases. Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology, 18(3), 249–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Serviço de ReumatologiaHospital de S. MariaLisbonPortugal