Reference work entry
Allergic colitis (proctitis or proctocolitis); Milk-protein proctocolitis
Eosinophilic colitis is a heterogeneous disorder characterized by the presence of a dense eosinophilic infiltration in the colon that can be segmental or diffuse (Fig. 1). It may affect children as well as adults. Three different types must be distinguished: primary eosinophilic colitis, which belongs to the family of primary eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders (EGID), secondary eosinophilic colitis, and colitis in the framework of the hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES). Secondary eosinophilic colitis is observed in a variety of diseases such as idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), parasitic and helminthic infections with Strongyloides stercoralis, Enterobius vermicularis, and drug-associated colitis. Drugs involved include clozapine, carbamazepine, gold salts, rifampicin, antiplatelet agents, tacrolimus, and naproxen. Other associations include vasculitis (Churg-Strauss),...
References and Further Reading
- Nguyen, T., Gernez, Y., Fuentebella, J., Patel, A., Tirouvanziam, R., Reshamwala, N., Bass, D., Berquist, W. E., Cox, K. L., Kerner, J. A., & Nadeau, K. C. (2011). Immunophenotyping of peripheral eosinophils demonstrates activation in eosinophilic esophagitis. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, 53, 40–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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