Pathology of the Gastrointestinal Tract

2017 Edition
| Editors: Fátima Carneiro, Paula Chaves, Arzu Ensari

Campylobacter Enterocolitis

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-40560-5_1426

Definition

Campylobacter enterocolitis is an inflammation of the colon caused by Campylobacter species which is a curved or spiral gram-negative rod. Campylobacter species is part of the natural flora in many wild and domestic animals including household pets.

Campylobacter enterocolitis is one of the most common causes of acute bacterial gastroenteritis. Numerous Campylobacter species exist within the genus Campylobacter including Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli, Campylobacter laridis, Campylobacter fetus, Campylobacter upsaliensis, Campylobacter sputorum, Campylobacter concisus.

Epidemiology

The vast majority of food-borne enterocolitis is caused by Campylobacter jejuni along with C coli and C laridis. C fetus is most often seen in immune-suppressed patients and homosexual men. There is a higher incidence in HIV-positive patients.

Transmission occurs most commonly through consumption of raw milk, contaminated meat, untreated water, or undercooked poultry. It is a common...

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References and Further Reading

  1. Lamps, L. W. (2007). Infective disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. Histopathology, 50, 55–63.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Mee, A. S., et al. (1985). Campylobacter colitis: Differentiation from acute IBD. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 78, 217–223.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Quomdarcarlo, C., et al. (2003). Capylobacter jejuni enterocolitis presenting as IBD. Techniques in Coloproctology, 7, 173–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Schneider, E. S., et al. (2006). Molecular diagnosis of C jejuni infection in cases of focal active colitis. American Journal of Surgical Pathology, 30, 782–785.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Schumacher, G., et al. (1994). A prospective study of first attacks of IBD and infectious colitis. Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, 29, 318–332.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Siegal, D., et al. (2005). Campylobacter jejuni pancolitis mimicking idiopathic ulcerative colitis. Heart & Lung, 34, 288–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Van Spreeuwel, J. P., et al. (1985). Campylobacter colitis: Histological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural finding. Gut, 26, 945–951.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PathologyCliniques Universitaires St. Luc, UCLBrusselsBelgium