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Adhesives and Glues

  • Judit Lukács
  • Jana Präßler
  • Matthias Gebhardt
  • Peter Elsner
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Exposure to adhesives and glues is common in occupation, leisure time, and household activities. There is a constantly growing group of occupational glues in which the adhesive is a polymerization product formed by a complex chemical reaction between the macromolecules.

Phenol-formaldehyde resins have occupational relevance for shoemakers, in car manufacturing, in the wood industries, and in construction industries.

Epoxy resins, used in a wide range of industries, penetrate regular gloves and may cause aerogenic contact dermatitis.

While acrylic adhesives are less sensitizing than epoxy and colophony rosin, acrylates present with cross-reactions among each other, but not between methacrylates and cyanoacrylates.

Colophony rosin is a natural material and also used in many occupational fields.

Glues should be tested epicutaneously either using commercial patch-test substances or as is but only after having completely dried in order to minimize the risk of active sensitization via patch testing.

Keywords

Adhesives Glues Epoxy resins Acrylates Colophony PTBP 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Judit Lukács
    • 1
  • Jana Präßler
    • 1
  • Matthias Gebhardt
    • 1
  • Peter Elsner
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of DermatologyUniversity Hospital JenaJenaGermany

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