Plastic Composites

Living reference work entry

Abstract

A composite is a blend of two or more materials that are mixed in order to gain properties superior to those of the original components. Plastic composites (PCs), also called reinforced plastics, are combinations of a polymer (plastic) matrix and a reinforcing material. Due to their enhanced properties and versatility, PCs are used in nearly all fields of industry. PC may cause both allergic and irritant contact dermatitis. Allergic contact dermatitis is most often caused by thermoset plastic matrices such as epoxy resins. Irritant contact dermatitis is typically caused by reinforcement materials such as glass fiber. Other skin contactants in PC work are, for example, plastic additives, solvents, peroxides, and protective clothing. Clinical investigation of PC-related dermatitis requires careful assessment of the workplace exposures (chemicals and materials) and patch testing the patient accordingly with plastic chemicals additives and, when possible, own materials from work.

Keywords

Plastic composite Composite Reinforced plastics Prepreg Epoxy resin Hardener Polyester resin Vinyl ester Phenol-formaldehyde resin Polyurethane Acrylate Cobalt Glass fiber Carbon fiber Lamination Boat building Wind turbine Contact dermatitis Contact allergy Irritant 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Occupational MedicineFinnish Institute of Occupational HealthHelsinkiFinland

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