Advertisement

Biologic Causes of Occupational Dermatoses

  • Jean-Marie Lachapelle
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Many virus skin infections may be of occupational origin: the most classical are orf, milkers’ node, herpes simplex, butchers’ warts, and hepatitis B.

Bacterial skin infections of occupational origin are manifold: staphylococcal, streptococcal, erysipeloid, brucellosis, warty tuberculosis, BCG vaccination complications, anthrax, tularemia, and fish tank granuloma (mycobacteriosis).

MRSA and CA-MRSA are an emerging problem of prime importance.

A large variety of mycoses are related to occupational and/or recreational activities. They include most kinds of dermatophytoses, candidiasis, and subcutaneous and deep mycoses, the latter being predominantly imported skin diseases.

Protothecosis is the only occupational skin disease due to an algae, Prototheca, mainly in tropical and subtropical countries.

Keywords

Anthrax Brucellocis Butcher’s warts Erysipeloid Hepatitis B Herpes simplex MRSA and CA-MRSA Mycobacteriosis Mycoses Orf Protothecosis Warty tuberculosis 

References

  1. Arrese JE, Quatresooz P, Piérard-Franchimont C et al (2003) Protothécose cutanée chez deux adultes de retour d’Extrême-Orient. Dermatol Actual (Brussels) 77:27–29Google Scholar
  2. Barnham M, Neilson DJ (1987) Group 2 beta haemolytic streptococcal infection in meat handlers: another streptococcal zoonosis ? Epidemiol Infect 99:257–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bellet JS, Prose NS (2005) Skin complications of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin immunization. Curr Opin Infect Dis 18:97–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Büttner M, Rziha HJ (2002) Parapoxviruses: from the lesion to the viral genome. J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health 49:7–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Daniel CR, Gupta AK, Daniel MP et al (1979) Two feet – one hand syndrome: a retrospective multicenter survey. Int J Dermatol 36:658–660CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. De Peuter M, De Clercq B, Minette A et al (1977) An epidemiological survey of virus warts of the hands among butchers. Br J Dermatol 97:48–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Degreef H, Marien K, De Veylder H et al (1987) Itraconazole in the treatment of dermatophytoses: a comparison of two daily dosages. Rev Infect Dis 9(Suppl 1):104–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Diaz JH (2014) Skin and soft tissue infections following marine injuries and exposures in travelers. J Travel Med 21:207–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. English MP (1969) Tinea pedis as a public health problem. Br J Dermatol 81:705–707CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Evans ME, Gregory DW, Schaffner W et al (1985) Tularemia: a 30-year experience with 88 cases. Medicine 54:252–269Google Scholar
  11. Gill MJ, Arlette J, Buchan KA (1990) Herpes simplex virus infection of the hand. J Am Acad Dermatol 22:111–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Grézard P, Philippot V, Perrot H (1995) Incidents et accidents de la vaccination contre l’hépatite B. J Med Lyon 1502:1133–1136Google Scholar
  13. Groves RW, Wilson-Jones E, Mac Donald DM (1991) Human orf and milkers’ nodule: a clinicopathological study. J Am Acad Dermatol 25:706–711CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Haig DM (2006) Orf virus infection and host immunity. Curr Opin Infect Dis 19:127–131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Handley L, Buller RM, Frey SE et al (2009) The new ACAM 2000 vaccine and other therapies to control orthopoxvirus outbreaks and bioterror attacks. Expert Rev Vaccines 8:841–850CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hay RJ (2006) Fungal infections. In: Faber WR, Hay RJ, Naafs B (eds) Imported skin diseases. Elsevier, Maarssen, pp 55–71Google Scholar
  17. Hay RJ, Adriaans BM (2010) Anthrax. In: Burns T, Breathnach S, Cox N, Griffiths C (eds) Rook’s textbook of dermatology, 8th edn. Blackwell, Oxford, pp 30–40. 30–41Google Scholar
  18. Hay RJ, Ashbee HR (2010) Mycology. In: Burns T, Breathnach S, Cox N, Griffiths C (eds) Rook’s textbook of dermatology, 8th edn. Blackwell, Oxford, pp 36.1–36.93Google Scholar
  19. Hofinger DM, Cardona L, Mertz GJ et al (2009) Tularemic meningitis in the United States. Arch Neurol 66:523–527CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hou AW, Morrill AM (2017) Obiltoxaximab : adding to the treatment arsenal for Bacillus anthracis infection. Ann Pharmacother.  https://doi.org/10.1177/10600280177113029
  21. Hubalek Z, Rudolf I (2017) Francisella tularensis prevalence and load in Dermacentor reticulatus ticks in an endemic area in Central Europe. Med Vet Entomol 31:234–239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Jablonska S, Obalek S, Golebiowska A et al (1988) Epidemiology of butchers’ warts. Arch Dermatol Res 280(Suppl):24–28Google Scholar
  23. Johnson R (2004) Herpes gladiatorum and other skin diseases. Clin Sports Med 23:473–484CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Karahocagil MK, Akdeniz N, Akdeniz H et al (2008) Cutaneous anthrax in eastern Turkey: a review of 85 cases. Clin Exp Dermatol 33:406–411CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Keefe M, Al-Ghamdi A, Coggon D et al (1994) Cutaneous warts in butchers. Br J Dermatol 130:9–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kieffer C, Cribier B, Prevost G et al (2008) Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Ann Dermatol Venereol 135:263–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lachapelle JM, Frimat P, Tennstedt D et al (1992) Précis de dermatologie professionnelle et de l’environnement. Masson, Paris. 400 ppGoogle Scholar
  28. Lachapelle JM, Tennstedt D, Marot L (1997) Atlas of environmental dermatology UCB pharma. Braine-l’Alleud, Belgium, p 166Google Scholar
  29. Laurent R (2008) L’Hôpital Français de Hanoï (HFH). La protothécose cutanée. Dermatol Actual (Brussels) 108:16–21Google Scholar
  30. Lewis-Jones S (2004) Zoonotic poxvirus infections in humans. Curr Opin Infect Dis 17:81–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Lorette G, Beaulieu P, Allaert FA et al (2009) Superficial community-acquired skin infections: prevalence of bacteria and antibiotic susceptibility in France. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 23:1423–1426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Lundgren R, Normann E, Asberg I (1987) Tuberculosis infection transmitted by autopsy. Tubercule 68:147–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Maguina C, Flores Del Pozo J, Terashima A et al (2005) Cutaneous anthrax in Lima, Peru: retrospective analysis of 71 cases, including form with a meningoencephalic complication. Rev Int Med Trop Sao Paulo 47:25–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Mempel M, Kerzl R, Ring J (2008) Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Relevance in dermatology. Hautartz 59:659–665CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Narayan SK, Sreelakshmi M, Sujatha S et al (2009) Anthrax meningoencephalitis – declining trends in an uncommon but catastrophic CNS infection in rural Tamil Nadu, South India. J Neurol Sci 28:41–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Ramanan C, Ghorpade A, Kalra SK et al (1996) Buffalopox. Int J Dermatol 35:128–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Sateia HF, Melia MT, Cofrancesco J (2017) Tularemia presenting as suspected necrotic arachnidism. Clin Case Reg 5:497–500CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Seebacher C, Bouchara JP, Mignon B (2008) Updates on the epidemiology of dermatophyte infections. Mycopathologia 166:335–352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Sterling JC (2010) Orf. In: Burns T, Breathnach S, Cox N, Griffiths C (eds) Rook’s textbook of dermatology, 8th edn. Blackwell, Oxford, pp 33.8–33.10Google Scholar
  40. Streit M, Bregenzer T, Heinzer I (2008) Cutaneous infections due to atypical mycobacteria. Hautarzt 59:59–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Stringer B, Infante-Rivard C, Hanley J (2001) Quantifying and reducing the risk of bloodborne pathogen exposure. AORN J 16:1135–1140. 1142–1143; 1145–1146; 1147–1148; 1151–1154Google Scholar
  42. Szablewski CM, Hendricks K, Bower WA et al (2017) Anthrax cases associated with animal-hair shaving brushes. Emerg Infect Dis 23:806–808CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Tolis K, Spyridonus S, Tsiplakov S et al (2015) Tenosynovitis of a digit due to Erysepelothrix rhusiopathiae. New Microbes New Infect 8:128–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Tosti A, Guerra L, Morelli R et al (1992) Role of foods in the pathogenesis of chronic paronychia. J Am Acad Dermatol 27:706–710CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Turbeville SD, Cowan LD, Greenfield RA (2006) Infectious disease outbreaks in competitive sports: a review of the literature. Am J Sports Med 34:1860–1865CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Vaissaire J, Mendy C, Le Doujet C et al (2005) Tularemia. The disease and its epidemiology in France. Med Mal Infect 35:273–280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Veraldi S, Girgenti V, Dassoni F et al (2009) Erysipeloid: a review. Clin Exp Dermatol 34:859–862CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Wang Q, Chang BJ, Riley TV (2010) Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae. Vet Microbiol 140:405–417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Wolf F, Grézard P, Bérard F et al (1998) Generalized granuloma annulare and hepatitis B vaccination. Eur J Dermatol 8:435–436PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of DermatologyCatholic University of LouvainBrusselsBelgium

Personalised recommendations