Calorie Restriction and Insulin Sensitivity in Obesity

Living reference work entry

Abstract

Caloric restriction has long been shown to improve insulin action and glucose control. In this chapter, we review the evidence behind different strategies to restrict calories, its impact on insulin sensitivity, putative mechanisms by which it improves insulin sensitivity, and the longevity of these methods in improving glucose metabolism where such evidence exists. Coverage includes sections on caloric restriction versus weight loss, techniques, macronutrients, the role of the liver and skeletal muscle after caloric restriction, and the gut microbiome.

Keywords

Caloric restriction Insulin sensitivity Glucose control Weight loss 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and NutritionMayo Clinic College of MedicineRochesterUSA

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