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Iron Deficiency in Women

  • Christian Breymann
  • Joachim W. Dudenhausen
Living reference work entry

Abstract

The treatment of iron deficiency depends on correct diagnosis of iron deficiency with hemoglobin, ferritin, transferrin, sTfR estimations, the treatment of the reasons of iron deficiency, and the choice of effective iron preparations.

There are causes for iron deficiency in nonpregnant women like hypermenorrhea. The volume of blood loss is correlated with hemoglobin and ferritin values. Iron deficiency and anemia in pregnancy and postpartum are associated with maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality.

Beside the iron intake in the diet (daily requirement 2 mg) for treatment of iron deficiency, oral and intravenous iron preparations can be used. For parenteral iron treatment, three preparation types must be contemplated with different pharmacokinetics, toxicity, and side effects.

Keywords

Anemia Fetal morbidity Ferritin Hemoglobin Hemoglobinopathies Hypermenorrhea Iron deficiency Iron dextrin Iron hydroxide gluconate Iron Hydroxide-sucrose complex Iron therapy Maternal morbidity Transferrin 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ObstetricsCharité University Medicine BerlinBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Obstetrics and GynecologyWeill Cornell Medical College New YorkNew York CityUSA
  3. 3.Medical University ZürichZürichSwitzerland
  4. 4.GGS Zürich Seefeld & Institute perinatal Zürich HirslandenZürichSwitzerland

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