Encyclopedia of Geochemistry

Living Edition
| Editors: William M. White

Experimental Mineralogy and Petrology

  • Charles A. Geiger
  • Tatsuhiko Kawamoto
Living reference work entry

Latest version View entry history

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-39193-9_311-2

Definition

Experimental mineralogy and petrology is an Earth science discipline that models or simulates mineralogical, petrological, and geochemical processes within the laboratory in order to understand the physical and chemical properties of minerals, rocks, melts, and fluids and their interactions. For example, most of Earth’s interior and that of other planets are not accessible to direct study. Thus, various types of high-pressure and high-temperature experiments are carried out in order to obtain an understanding of deep Earth and planetary structure and behavior.

History and Introduction

The field of experimental mineralogy and petrology, which constitutes a part of the geological or Earth sciences, can be traced back for at least 200 years. The Scottish geologist Sir James Hall (1761–1832) is considered to be the father of experimental petrology. His laboratory experiments on the melting and crystallization of basaltic magmas were decisive in resolving the debate between the...

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References

  1. Henderson, G. S., Neuville, D. R., and Downs, R.T. (eds.), 2014. Spectroscopic methods in mineralogy and material sciences. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry. Mineralogical Society of America and Geochemical Society, Chantilly, VA: Minerological Society of America, Vol. 78, 800 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Holloway, J. R., and Wood, B. J., 1988. Simulating the Earth: Experimental Geochemistry. Boston: Unwin Hyman, 196 pp.Google Scholar
  3. Kawamoto T., Kanzaki M., Mibe K., Matsukage K. N., Ono S., 2012. Separation of supercritical slab-fluids to form aqueous fluid and melt components in subduction zone magmatism. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, U. S. A., 109, 18695.Google Scholar
  4. Kawamoto, T., Mibe, K., Bureau, H., Reguer, S., Mocuta, C., Kubsky, S., Thiaudière, D., Ono, S., Kogiso, T., 2014. Large ion lithophile elements delivered by saline fluids to the sub-arc mantle, Earth, Planets and Space, 66, 61.Google Scholar
  5. Miletich, R., (ed.), 2005. Mineral behaviour at extreme conditions. European Mineralogical Union – Notes in Mineralogy, Vol. 7, 488 pp.Google Scholar
  6. Oelkers, E. H., and Schott, J., (eds.), 2009. Thermodynamics and kinetics of water-rock interaction. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry. Chantilly, VA: Mineralogical Society of America and Geochemical Society, Vol. 70. 569 pp.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Physics of Materials, Section MineralogyUniversity of SalzburgSalzburgAustria
  2. 2.Institute for Geothermal Sciences, Graduate School of ScienceKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan