Encyclopedia of Wireless Networks

Living Edition
| Editors: Xuemin (Sherman) Shen, Xiaodong Lin, Kuan Zhang

Brownian Motion

  • Mohammad Upal MahfuzEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-32903-1_231-1



Brownian motion is the random motion of particles, e.g., molecules, suspended in the fluid medium, e.g., liquid and gas, that results from a large number of collisions those particles experience with the fast-moving particles of the fluid medium.



Brownian motion


Molecular communication


Molecule-receptor binding process


Receiving nanomachine


Transmitting nanomachine


Virtual reception volume

Historical Background

Brownian motion (BM) is an important phenomenon that is the basis of diffusion-based propagation of molecules in molecular communication (MC) and, therefore, is the fundamental principle behind diffusion-based MC in the field of nanoscale communication networks, also known as nanonetworks. In the field of natural and applied sciences, BM is also popularly known as random walk motion of particles. The history of BM is quite old. Random...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Wisconsin-Green BayGreen BayUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Adam Noel
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Warwick, UKWarwickUK