Encyclopedia of Big Data

Living Edition
| Editors: Laurie A. Schintler, Connie L. McNeely

Chemistry

  • Colin L. Bird
  • Jeremy G. Frey
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-32001-4_260-1

Chemistry has always been data-dependent, but as computing power has increased, chemical science has become increasingly data-intensive, a development recognized by several contributors to the book edited by Hey, Tansley, and Tolle, The Fourth Paradigm (Hey et al. 2009). In one article, chemistry is given as one example of “a genuinely new kind of computationally driven, interconnected, Web-enabled science.”

The study of chemistry can be perceived as endeavoring to obtain big information – big in the sense of significance – from data relating to molecules, which are small in the physical sense. The transition from data to big information is perhaps well illustrated by the role of statistical mechanics as we see the move from modeling departures from ideal gas behavior through to the measurement of single molecule properties: a journey of simple information about lots of similar molecules to complex information about individual molecules, paralleled in the development of machine...
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Further Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of SouthamptonSouthamptonUK