United Nations and Crisis Management

  • Bok G. JeongEmail author
  • Jungwon Yeo
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31816-5_850-1

Synonyms

Definition

The United Nations is an international organization, made up of its member states, and founded in 1945 as a replacement for the League of Nations after World War II. The purposes of the UN include maintaining international peace and security and achieving international cooperation in solving international problems of political, economic, social, cultural, human rights, and humanitarian issues.

Introduction

The United Nations (UN) has been involved in crisis management in a comprehensive range of fields and at multiple stages in disaster responses through its principal organizations and subsidiary entities including programs, funds, commissions, and specialized agencies. Crisis management cannot be defined by a single dimension or by a single UN agency’s activities because of the exigency, multiplicity, and...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Kapucu N, Özerdem A (2011) Managing emergencies and crises. Jones & Bartlett Publishers, BostonGoogle Scholar
  2. Natsios AS (1995) NGOs and the UN system in complex humanitarian emergencies: conflict or cooperation? Third World Q 16(3):405–420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Pearson L, Pelling M (2015) The UN Sendai framework for disaster risk reduction 2015–2030: negotiation process and prospects for science and practice. J Extreme Events 2(01):1571001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Reindorp N (2002) Trends and challenges in the UN humanitarian system. The new humanitarianisms: a review of trends in global humanitarian action. HPG Report, 11Google Scholar
  5. Stephenson M Jr (2006) Toward a descriptive model of humanitarian assistance coordination. Volunt Int J Volunt Nonprofit Org 17(1):40–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) (n.d.) Emergency relief efforts. UNHCR, Washington, DC. http://www.unrefugees.org/what-we-do/emergency-relief/
  7. United Nations (1991) Strengthening of the coordination of humanitarian emergency assistance of the United Nations, A/RES/46/182. UN General Assembly, New York. http://www.un.org/documents/ga/res/46/a46r182.htm
  8. United Nations Development Programme (2002) Update on the role of UNDP in crisis and post-conflict situations: organizational changes. First regular session 2002, UNDP business plans, 2000–2003. UNDP, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) (2009) UNISDR terminology on disaster risk reduction. UNISDR, Geneva. http://www.unisdr. org/we/inform/terminologyGoogle Scholar
  10. United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (2011) FAO regional programme framework for disaster risk management 2010–2013. Emergency Operations and Rehabilitation Division (TCE), UN FAO, Nairobi. http://www.fao.org/emergencies/resources/documents/resources-detail/en/c/170051/
  11. United Nations Economic and Social Council (2012) Strengthening of the coordination of emergency humanitarian assistance of the United Nations. Resolution adopted by the Economic and Social Council (2012/3). UN ECOSOC, New York. http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=E/RES/2012/3
  12. United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) (2013) UNICEF’s role in humanitarian action. UNICEF, New York. https://www.unicef.org/emergencies/index_68708.html Google Scholar
  13. United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN OCHA) (2014) Saving lives today and tomorrow: managing the risk of humanitarian crises. OCHA Policy and Studies Series. UN OCHA, New York. www.unocha.org/saving-lives
  14. United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN OCHA) (2015) OCHA on message: crisis risk management. UN OCHA, New York. https://www.unocha.org/sites/unocha/files/OCHA%20on%20message%20CRM.pdf
  15. World Food Programme (n.d.) Responding to emergencies. WFP, Rome. https://www.wfp.org/our-work/emergencies
  16. World Health Organization (2013) Emergency response framework, World Health Organization. WHO Press, Geneva. http://www.who.int/hac/about/erf/en/

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Public AdministrationKean UniversityUnionUSA
  2. 2.School of Public AdministrationUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA