Women and Work-Life Balance in Federal Law Enforcement

  • Helen H. YuEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31816-5_3644-1



Work-life balance is the practice of reducing work-family conflict by providing workplace flexibilities to help employees balance the needs of their families and the responsibilities of their jobs, resulting in maximized organizational performance. Key workplace flexibilities include work-life programs and family-friendly policies such as flexible work schedules, telework, worksite health and wellness, employee assistance programs, and dependent care.


Continuous changes in employee demographics, as well as the shifting nature of family arrangements, make work-life balance an important issue in public administration. For example, the percentage of women in the federal workforce rose from 34% in 1990 to 44% in 2015 (US Office of Personnel Management 2016). In addition, the percentage of women in the labor force with children under the age of 18 increased from 47.4% in...

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Hawai’i at ManoaHonoluluUSA