Work-Life Balance and Preferences for Government Employment

  • Michael C. MoltzEmail author
Living reference work entry



The time devoted to private life and work (professional) demands is a factor influencing the decision of individuals to pursue careers in government, alongside intrinsic and extrinsic motives; employment decisions are also influenced by nation-level characteristics.


Of growing concern among public management practitioners and scholars alike is the ability of governments to attract, select, and retain the most qualified professionals for public service. Mounting evidence indicates that government employment is not an attractive option for younger workers, e.g., millennials. Younger workers tend to value job mobility and are increasingly embracing the “gig” economy, in which their careers are like that of a freelancer or independent contractor. Given that government employment is often more traditional, career based, with...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceShippensburg University of PennsylvaniaShippensburgUSA