Administrative Law and Government Employees

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31816-5_3473-1

Synonyms

Definition

Legal context of public personnel management.

Introduction

US public administration is guided by a complex tapestry of laws concerning government workers. This legal framework developed over the course of US history, arguably starting with one of the foundational cases of US law. Marbury v. Madison (1803) is cited for the rule that the Supreme Court is the primary authority over constitutional law, but the Court also held that a justice of the peace appointed by a previous president could not be fired by the current president without sufficient justification until the completion of the 5-year term created by law. Since that time, laws covering the public workforce have expanded and spread in several directions.

Four Goals of Law for Government Employees

Administrative laws governing public employees can be understood as serving four primary objectives. These objectives can reinforce each...
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References

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Statutes of Interest (with Common Abbreviations Where Applicable)

  1. ADEA. Age Discrimination in Employment Act. 1967. U.S.C. Vol. 29Google Scholar
  2. ADA. Americans with Disabilities Act. 1990. U.S.C. Vol. 42Google Scholar
  3. CSRA. Civil Service Reform Act. 1978. 5 U.S.C. Vol. 5Google Scholar
  4. EEOA. Equal Employment Opportunities Act. 1974. USC. Vol. 42Google Scholar
  5. FLSA. Fair Labor Standards Act. 1938. U.S.C. Vol. 29Google Scholar
  6. False Claims Act. 1863. U.S.C. Vol. 31Google Scholar
  7. FMLA. Family Medical Leave Act. 1993. U.S.C. Vol. 29Google Scholar
  8. Hatch Act. 1939. U.S.C. Vol. 5Google Scholar
  9. OSHA. Occupational Safety and Health Act. 1970. U.S.C. Vol. 29Google Scholar
  10. Political Activities by Members of the Armed Forces. 2008. DoD Directive. Vol. 1344.10Google Scholar
  11. U.S. Constitution. 1789Google Scholar

Cases Cited

  1. Bolling v. Sharpe, 347 U.S. 497 (1954)Google Scholar
  2. Brickey v. Hall, 828 F. 3d 298 (4th Cir. 2016)Google Scholar
  3. Brown v. Board of Ed. of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954)Google Scholar
  4. Connick v. Meyers, 461 U.S. 138 (1983)Google Scholar
  5. Heffernan v. City of Paterson, NJ., 136 S. Ct. 1412 (2016)Google Scholar
  6. Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. 137 (1803)Google Scholar
  7. Mathews v. Eldridge, 424 U.S. 319 (1976)Google Scholar
  8. Morton v. Mancari, 417 U.S. 535 (1974)Google Scholar
  9. Pickering v. Board of Ed. of Township High School Dist, 391 U.S. 563 (1968)Google Scholar
  10. Romer v. Evans, 517 U.S. 620 (1996)Google Scholar
  11. University of Hawai’i Professional Assembly v. Cayetano, 183 F. 3d 1096. (9th Cir. 1999)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Public AffairsUniversity of Colorado DenverDenverUSA