Whistleblowers in Organizations

  • Anna Marie SchuhEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31816-5_2999-1



Whistleblower: Someone who discloses information about organizational improprieties. Such improprieties may involve violation of law, malpractice, corruption, or health and safety vulnerabilities. Whistleblowers can come from inside or outside of the organization as long as they have access to explicit information about the impropriety. Disclosure may be within or outside of the organization. External disclosure may be to regulatory agencies, media, or the public at large.
  • Retaliation: Actions taken against an individual who discloses information about an impropriety

  • Pretaliation: An enforcement action taken by an oversight agency before whistleblower retaliation occurs


Whistleblowing has been around for a long time. For example, it has been almost 500 years since Martin Luther functioned as a whistleblower by nailing his 95 theses outlining corruption in the Catholic Church to the Wittenberg All Saints Church on October 31,...


Central Intelligence Agency Reporting Channel Early Resolution Anonymous Reporting External Whistleblowing 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Political Science and Public AdministrationRoosevelt UniversityChicagoUSA