Accountability in Tourism Governance

  • Michelle ScobieEmail author
Living reference work entry



Accountability in environmental governance is the obligation of persons or organizations whose activities may have or have an environmental impact to report to those actors that have a right to regulate, adjudicate, and penalize those actions that may be harmful to the environment.


The international tourism industry and, more specifically, the international cruise shipping industry are a good example of a sector with complex accountability relationships. Caribbean cruise tourism is a global vertically integrated industry: cruise lines are owned by private corporations that manage their operations across multiple jurisdictions, linking tour operators, cruises, visitors, flag states, and the port states of the US and Caribbean destinations. Each of the actors is answerable to the states wherein they operate, to their clients and patrons directly, to third party agencies that monitor and report on...


Ballast Water Environmental Governance International Maritime Organization Cruise Ship Flag State 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of International Relations and Sir Arthur Lewis Institute for Social and Economic StudiesThe University of the West IndiesSt AugustineTrinidad and Tobago