Women in the Middle East

  • Hmoud S. Al-OlimatEmail author
  • Amal ElGammal
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31816-5_2433-1



“The Arab Region comprises 22 states that are members of the Arab League, is defined by complex set of issues including the Arab Israeli conflict and its repercussions, unstable economic conditions and trends, population-resource imbalances and environmental stress” (Al Maaitah et al. 2012). In addition, currently several of the Arab states are witnessing internal wars and conflicts, which is resulting in mass destructions, deaths, and massive floods of displaced people. According to Al Maaitah et al. (2012), democratization in the Arab region remains a slow process, which faces various setbacks including regional instability and conflicts, economic imbalances, and the lack of freedom to engage in meaningful democratic process. Al Maaitah et al. (2012) added that such setbacks not only hindered the democratization process but have also delayed efforts aimed at promoting women’s empowerment and equal participation in decision making.

While most of...


Political Participation Arab Country Labor Force Participation Rate Arab World Arab Woman 
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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Social Sciences DepartmentQatar UniversityDohaQatar