Organizational Life Cycles

  • Michael R. FordEmail author
Living reference work entry



Refers to the sequence of events from organizational initiation/birth to death


The field of public administration has, from its beginnings, concerned itself with the organizations providing services to citizens. Traditionally these organizations have mainly been local governments and their departments and myriad state and local agencies. More recently, private and nonprofit organizations, via contracting, voucher programs, and other reforms that challenge traditional meanings of the notion of publicness too have become part of the organizational ecosystem providing services to citizens. A constant of organizations, be they public, private, or nonprofit, is change. Scholars of organizational theory explore the extent to which organizational change over time is predictable, asking if organizations experience life cycles in a manner akin to biological organisms, if organizational fates are governed by a degree...


Nonprofit Sector Charter School Human Resource System Life Cycle Theory Internal Bureaucracy 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Wisconsin-OshkoshOshkoshUSA