Organizational Socialization

  • Deneen M. HatmakerEmail author
  • Stéphane Moyson
  • Nadine Raaphorst
Living reference work entry



Organizational socialization is the process by which newcomers become effective organizational members.


Public sector organizations are largely assessed by their effectiveness and to a large extent their effectiveness relies on their most important asset – employees. As such, how to transition new employees into effective organizational members who are likely to serve the organization for a long time is a key concern for public sector managers. They may expend a great deal of effort and resources to bring new employees onboard through activities such as orientation, training, mentoring, buddy systems, and on-the-job training. These activities comprise formal organizational socialization tactics – the means by which an organization inculcates newcomers with the organizational culture and transforms them into full-fledged, effective organizational members (Van Maanen and Schein 1979...

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© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deneen M. Hatmaker
    • 1
    Email author
  • Stéphane Moyson
    • 2
  • Nadine Raaphorst
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Public PolicyUniversity of ConnecticutWest HartfordUSA
  2. 2.Institut de Sciences Politiques Louvain-EuropeUniversité catholique de LouvainLouvain-la-NeuveBelgium
  3. 3.Department of Public Administration and SociologyErasmus University RotterdamRotterdamThe Netherlands