Epidemiology of Primary Hypertension in Children

  • Karen M. RedwineEmail author
Reference work entry


The prevalence of hypertension in the pediatric population has increased substantially over the last 30 years. While the concomitant obesity epidemic has played a major role in the rise of pediatric hypertension, it is now clear that multiple factors influence the development of hypertension in children and adolescents. This chapter describes the prevalence of hypertension and risk factors associated with its development. Further, it examines the immediate- and long-term effects of early hypertension along with population-based strategies which may be helpful for reversing noted trends in hypertension.


African Americans Asians Bogalusa Heart Study BP measurement technique BP tracking Cardiovascular risk factors Carotid intima-media thickness Caucasians Epigenetics Essential hypertension Fructose Hereditability Hispanic youth Hispanics Obesity 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.St. Luke’s Health SystemChildren’s Nephrology and HypertensionBoiseUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Karen M. Redwine
    • 1
  1. 1.Children's Nephrology and HypertensionSt. Luke's Health SystmBoiseUSA

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