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Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring Methodology and Norms in Children

  • Elke WühlEmail author
Reference work entry

Abstract

Over the last decades, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) has become a method of choice for the diagnosis and therapeutic monitoring of arterial hypertension in adult and pediatric patients. ABPM allows a more representative observation of blood pressure throughout day and night in a nonmedical environment compared to office blood pressure measurements as well as assessment of the circadian and even ultradian blood pressure variability. ABPM provides ability to detect white coat and masked hypertension, a better reproducibility of measurements and superior prediction of target organ damage. The use, interpretation, and limitations of ABPM in children and adolescents will be discussed in this chapter.

Keywords

Hypertension Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring Children Pediatrics White coat hypertension Masked hypertension 

Abbreviations

ABPM

Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring

BP

Blood pressure

CKD

Chronic kidney disease

CV

Cardiovascular

CVD

Cardiovascular disease

DBP

Diastolic blood pressure

HTN

Hypertension

MAP

Mean arterial blood pressure

MH

Masked hypertension

OBP

Office (or casual) blood pressure measurement

SBP

Systolic blood pressure

TOD

Target organ damage

WCH

White coat hypertension

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© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineUniversity Hospital HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Karen M. Redwine
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Arkansas Children's HospitalUniversity of Arkansas for Medical SciencesLittle RockUSA

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