Exoplanet Research in the Era of the Extremely Large Telescope (ELT)

Living reference work entry

Abstract

With more than 3,700 planets beyond our solar system unveiled, and many thousands waiting to be discovered in the upcoming years, the three extremely large telescopes will dramatically advance the study of the composition, dynamics, and the structure of exoplanet atmospheres in the next decade. The unprecedented size of these telescope will permit high-contrast imaging of planetary companions to host stars in the solar neighborhood at orbital separations closer than 1 AU, and high-dispersion spectrographs will open a window to a detailed investigation of exoplanet atmospheres including weather patterns and cloud properties therein. Being capable of inspecting the atmospheres of terrestrial exoplanets, these telescopes will bring us much closer to the answer of one of the most fundamental questions: does life exist beyond Earth?

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.European Southern ObservatoryVitacura, SantiagoChile

Section editors and affiliations

  • Norio Narita
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Graduate School of Science, Department of AstronomyUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Exoplanet Detection Project OfficeNational Astronomical Observatory of JapanTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Exoplanet Detection Project OfficeAstrobiology CenterTokyoJapan

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