Encyclopedia of Pathology

Living Edition
| Editors: J.H.J.M. van Krieken

Hirschsprung, Harald (1830–1916)

  • Rossano LattanzioEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28845-1_4043-1

English Names

Hirschsprung Harald

Original Names

Hirschsprung Harald

Date, Country, and City of Birth

December 14, 1830, Copenhagen, Denmark

Date City of Death

April 11, 1916, Copenhagen, Denmark

History of Life

Harald Hirschsprung, a Danish pediatrician, was a native of Copenhagen where his father, who was of German stock, owned a tobacco factory named A.M. Hirschsprung & Søner. He was the younger son, and it was expected that he would take over the family company. He refused and chose to become a medical doctor instead of taking over his father’s factory. In 1848 he passed the examination for admittance to the University of Copenhagen. He completed his medical studies in 1855 and interned at the Royal Maternity Hospital where he began his lifelong concern with pediatrics. He was also attracted to gastroenterology and in rare diseases, especially of the gut. His doctoral thesis, presented on May 11, 1861, dealt with congenital atresia of the esophagus and small intestine. In 1870...


Congenital Megacolon Pyloric Stenosis Severe Constipation Intestinal Atresia Chief Physician 
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Books and Publications

  1. Ehrenpreis, T. (1970). Hirschsprung’s disease. Chicago: Year Book Medical Publishers.Google Scholar
  2. Finney, M. T. (1908). Congenital idiopathic dilatation of the colon. Surgery, Gynecology and Obstetrics, 6, 624–643.Google Scholar
  3. Fiori, M. G. (1998). Domenico Battini and his description of congenital megacolon: a detailed case report one century before Hirschsprung. Journal of Peripheral Nervous System, 3, 197–206.Google Scholar
  4. Hirschsprung, H. (1888). Struhltragheit Neugeborener in Folge von Dilatation and Hypertrophie des colons (Constipation of newborns as a result of dilatation and hypertrophy of the colon). Jahrbuch Kinderheilkunde, 27, 1–7.Google Scholar
  5. Jay, V. (2001). Legacy of Harald Hirschsprung. Pediatric and Developmental Pathology, 4, 203–204.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medical, Oral and Biotechnological Sciences“G. d’Annunzio” UniversityChietiItaly