HIV-Associated Lymphoid Disorders
Living reference work entry
Lymphomas represent the most frequent malignancy among people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Characteristically these lymphomas have high-grade malignancy and are in advanced stage, with extranodal involvement (Swerdlow et al. 2008). The most common lymphomas arising in the presence of HIV-associated immunosuppression include Burkitt lymphoma (BL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) is also increased in the setting of HIV, but it less frequent than BL and DLBCL. Additional lymphomas occurring in HIV-infected patients include primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) and its solid variants, lymphoma associated with Kaposi sarcoma herpesvirus (KSHV)-related multicentric Castleman disease (MCD), and plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) of the oral cavity type (Table 1) (Carbone et al. 2016; Dolcetti et al. 2016; Said et al. 2017; Swerdlow et...
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