Multiple-Quantum NMR Studies of Anisotropic Polymer Chain Dynamics

  • Kay SaalwächterEmail author
Reference work entry


Multiple quantum (MQ) NMR, specifically the analysis of double-quantum build-up curves, provides quantitative information on proton–proton dipolar couplings or alternatively on deuterium quadrupolar couplings. The study of these interactions, in particular when they are only partially averaged by transiently anisotropic molecular motion, provides valuable information on amplitude and timescale of rotational motions of the related molecular segments. MQ NMR has in recent years evolved as one of the most powerful methods for the study of polymer chain motion in a variety of systems, also owing to the fact that the proton-detected variant is readily applicable on cost-efficient low-field instrumentation. This chapter provides an overview of the most relevant technical aspects, recent improvements, and applications to different polymer materials, with a focus on work published during the last decade. Particular emphasis is devoted to the studies of elastomers and hydrogels, for which the method provides unique structural information. Confined chain motion, found in entangled melts, block copolymers, or grafted systems, is also addressed.


Order parameter Polymer networks Hydrogels Rubber Polymer melts Entanglements Supramolecular polymers Confinement effects Nanocomposites Filled elastomers 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Physik – NMRMartin-Luther-Universität Halle-WittenbergHalleGermany

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