High-Resolution Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy of Cultural Organic Material

  • Joseph B. LambertEmail author
  • Yuyang Wu
  • Jorge A. Santiago-Blay
Reference work entry


Solid state NMR methods permit the examination of the bulk material of objects of importance to cultural heritage, without differential sampling characteristic of liquid- and gas-phase techniques. Solid state 13C and 1H methods, primarily using magic angle spinning to enhance resolution and cross polarization (only with 13C) to enhance sensitivity (CP/MAS), permit analysis of organic components in a wide variety of historical and archaeological materials, including gemstones (amber, jet), wood, asphalt, food residues, rubber, lacquer, textiles, leather, parchment, paper, bone, and paintings. Heretofore the main drawback of the technique is that sample sizes are relatively large, 50–200 mg. Recent results, however, demonstrate that the use of a small sample chamber with very high spinning speeds can permit acquisition of data on <5 mg of sample.


Amber asphalt bone jet lacquer leather paintings paper parchment rubber textiles wood 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph B. Lambert
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yuyang Wu
    • 2
  • Jorge A. Santiago-Blay
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryTrinity UniversitySan AntonioUSA
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryNorthwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA
  3. 3.Department of PaleobiologyNational Museum of Natural HistoryWashingtonUSA

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