Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Behavioral Perspectives on Personality

  • S. Kathleen Bishop
  • Mark R. Dixon
  • James W. MooreEmail author
  • Marshall P. Lundy
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_962-1



The American Psychological Association defines personality as “individual differences in characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving” (Kazdin 2000). Many undergraduate psychology textbooks include reviews of various theories of personality, including psychoanalytic, neo-analytic, biological, cognitive, social-cognitive, trait, humanistic, existential, positive, and person-situation interactionist (see Friedman and Schustack 2012, as an example). Although many texts omit learning theory or behavior analytic positions, contemporary behavioral science has a well-articulated stance on what constitutes an individual’s personality repertoire. Other texts that do include behavioral explanations tend to use an overly simplistic and outdated critique wrought with misconceptions (Arntzen et al. 2010). For example, Friedman and Schustack (2012) consistently refer to radical...


Personality Disorder Aversive Stimulus Oral Reading Negative Reinforcement Behavior Analyst 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Kathleen Bishop
    • 1
  • Mark R. Dixon
    • 2
  • James W. Moore
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marshall P. Lundy
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of Southern MississippiHattiesburgUSA
  2. 2.Southern Illinois UniversityCarbondaleUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Charlie Reeve
    • 1
  1. 1.University of North Carolina-CharlotteCharlotteUSA