Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Washington University Sentence Completion Test

  • Jessica JorgensonEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_959-1



A 36-item projective, psychometric test used to assess an individual’s placement along a continuum of psychological maturity referred to as ego development.


The Washington University Sentence Completion Test (SCT; Loevinger and Wessler 1970) is a widely used projective technique for assessing personality (Vincent et al. 2015). The SCT consists of 36 sentence stems (e.g., “A woman (man) should always…” and “If I can’t get what I want…”) that are completed by the participant and rated using a comprehensive scoring manual. Using ogive rules (i.e., cumulative frequency), scores on each item are combined, and the respondent is classified into one of eight stages of development: Impulsive (E2), Self-Protective (E3), Conformist (E4), Self-Aware (E5), Conscientious (E6), Individualistic (E7), Autonomous (E8), or Integrated (E9) (Loevinger 1998; Vincent et al. 2015).


The origin of the SCT can be traced back to the Family Problems Scale, an...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Southern MississippiHattiesburgUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Bradley A. Green
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Southern MississippiHattiesburgUSA