Draw-a-person tests are intended to assess intelligence or psychopathology by having an individual draw a human figure during a short period of time and then interpreting the drawing in accordance with a scoring system.
History and Current Status
These tests are part of the rich history of psychological assessment dating to at least Florence Goodenough’s Draw-A-Man Test of 1926. Numerous surveys of psychological practitioners have documented that various iterations of these measures have enjoyed widespread popularity to this day for assessing children’s intelligence and child and adult psychopathology (Lilienfeld et al. 2000). Other widely used and cited examples of the basic technique include Machover’s (1949) scoring system for human figure drawings, the Goodenough-Harris Drawing Test (1963), Koppitz “emotional indicators” scoring system for children’s human figure drawings, Naglieri’s (1988) Draw-A-Person: A Quantitative Scoring System (DAP:QSS), and Reynolds and...
- Harris, D. B., & Goodenough, F. L. (1963). Goodenough-Harris drawing test. San Antonio: Pearson.Google Scholar
- Naglieri, J. A. (1988). Draw a person: A quantitative scoring system. San Antonio: Pearson.Google Scholar
- Reynolds, C. R., & Hickman, J. A. (2004). Draw-A-Person intellectual ability test for children, adolescents, and adults. Austin: PRO-ED.Google Scholar