Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Typical Intellectual Engagement (TIE)

  • Adrian FurnhamEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_879-1



TIE is a personality or preference variable that measures the extent to which an individual chooses and enjoys a variety of intellectual demanding activities.


Differential psychology is crudely divided into those who are interested in personal preferences and typical performance based on self-report (questionnaires), and those who are interested in maximal performance or power tests that have correct and incorrect answers. The TIE scale is a self-report measure that is related to a preference for activities that correlate with crystallized intelligence, general knowledge, and academic performance.

Research on the TEI

As well as personal cognitive style measures of intelligence and processing, there have been for many years “trait” measures of intellectual curiosity, which are usually conceived of as stable traits related to both personality and intelligence. They have different...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Department of Clinical, Educational, and Health PsychologyUniversity College LondonLondonUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Patrizia Velotti
    • 1
  1. 1.Sapienza University of RomeRomeItaly