Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF)

  • Carly A. Bahner
  • C. Brendan Clark
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_86-1

Definition

The Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF), originally developed by Cattell and Mead (1949), is a 185-item measure of normal personality which is currently in its fifth edition. The instrument utilizes a multiple choice response format to assess 16 primary scales, 5 second-order scales, and 2 third-order scales. The questionnaire is available in computer or paper and pencil formats, and there are a variety of age-adjusted, condensed, and modified versions for use in various settings.

Introduction

The 16PF is one of the oldest, most researched, and most influential measures of normal personality. Currently in its fifth edition, the most modern version of the 16PF was published in 1993 and later normed on 2000 US census data in 2001 (Cattell and Schuerger 2003). This instrument is the product of several decades of research and is the result of data from behavioral observations, questionnaires, and experimental research (Catell and Cattell 1995; Cattell and Mead 2008)....

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Bartram, D. (1995). The predictive validity of the EPI and 16PF for military flying training. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 68(3), 219–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cattell, R. B. (1956). Validation and intensification of the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire. Reading in Clinical Psychology, 12, 205–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cattell, R. B., & Cattell, H. E. P. (1995). Personality structure and the new fifth edition of the 16PF. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 55(6), 926–937.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cattell, R. B., & Krug, S. E. (1986). The number of factors in the 16PF: A review of the evidence with special emphasis on methodological problems. Educational and PsychologicalMeasurement, 46, 509–522.Google Scholar
  5. Cattell, R. B., & Mead, A. D. (1949). The Sixteen Personality Factor questionnaire (16PF). Champaign: IPAT.Google Scholar
  6. Cattell, H., & Mead, A. D. (2008). The Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF). In The Sage handbook of personality theory and assessment (pp. 135–159). SAGE Publications Ltd.Google Scholar
  7. Cattell, H. E., & Schuerger, J. M. (2003). Essentials of 16PF assessment (Vol. 45). Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley.Google Scholar
  8. Cattell, R. B., Eber, H. W., & Tatsuoka, M. M. (1970). Handbook for the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF). Champaign: Institute for Personality and Ability Testing.Google Scholar
  9. Costa Jr, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1992). Neo personality inventory-revised (neo-pi-r) and neo five-factor inventory (neo-ffi) professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.Google Scholar
  10. Karson, S., & O’Dell, J. W. (1976). A guide to the clinical use of the 16PF. Champaign: Institute for Personality and Ability Testing.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWichita State UniversityWichitaUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Virgil Zeigler-Hill
    • 1
  1. 1.Oakland UniversityRochesterUSA