Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford


  • Anton BirioukovEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_725-1



Absenteeism refers to a student being absent from school. Absences can be motivationally based (i.e., poor relationships with other students, academic failure) and structurally based (i.e., having to work during school hours, taking care of a sick family member). Absenteeism has been documented to have various negative impacts on student’s academic outcomes.


Every day many students are absent from school. The causes for absences are numerous and can arise both from within and outside of the school. Absenteeism can be motivationally based, where a student may not wish to attend; these absences are generally a voluntary and deliberate decision, whereas other absences are structurally based, where pupils must miss school due to their life conditions (i.e., having to move frequently), and are thus beyond a student’s control and are an involuntary decision. Student absenteeism often begins in...


Conduct Disorder Academic Failure Academic Difficulty School Refusal Alternative School 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EducationUniversity of OttawaOttawaCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • Julie Schermer
    • 1
  1. 1.Western University, Canada