Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Differential Personality Inventory

  • Estrella RomeroEmail author
  • Laura López-Romero
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_24-1




The Differential Personality Inventory (DPI) is a self-report measure developed by Jackson and Messick (1964) for assessing several facets of psychopathology.


The DPI was designed in an attempt to overcome some of the limitations of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), such as the lack of internal consistency of the scales, problems with response bias in terms of social desirability and acquiescence, and the inclusion of the same item in more than one scale. The DPI departs from the empirical tradition of the MMPI by adopting a rational approach in order to generate item pools, before following a sequential strategy similar to that used to elaborate the Personality Research Form (PRF). Tentative scales are first created on the basis of rationally generated item pools, and the scales are then refined after analysis of internal consistency results. In the final step of this sequential strategy, the preliminary scales are validated...


Clinical Scale Validity Scale Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory Pathological Behavior Perceptual Distortion 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical Psychology and PsychobiologyUniversity of Santiago de CompostelaSantiago de CompostelaSpain

Section editors and affiliations

  • Brendan Clark
    • 1
  1. 1.Wichita State UniversityWichitaUSA